Plastic and reconstructive surgery include a variety of operations performed to repair/restore body parts to look normal, or to look better. These types of surgery are highly specialized; characterized by precise cutting and suturing techniques, and by the care taken to minimize scarring. Cosmetic surgery is performed to treat birth defects and to remove skin blemishes, such as acne scars or birthmarks. Cosmetic procedures can make the patient look younger or enhance the patient's appearance in other ways. Reconstructive surgery can invlolve skin grafts after severe burns, or the reconstruction of parts of the patient's body removed by surgery.
Abdominoplasty: Plastic surgery of the abdomen in which excess fatty tissue and skin are removed, usually for cosmetic purposes.
Breast Augmentation: Artificial enlargement of the breasts. Augmentation may be done by insertion of an implant (prosthesis) under the breast (submammary) or under the breast and chest muscle (subpectoral), after which the bag is filled with saline or silicone solution.
Facelift: Plastic surgery to remove facial wrinkles, sagging skin, fat deposits, or other visible signs of aging for cosmetic purposes.
Corrective Surgeries: May be cosmetic or reconstructive, used to treat or correct some birth defects, remove blemishes, and graft skin after severe burns.
Body Contouring: A general term that refers to various cosmetic surgeries performed with the aim of improving the shape and tone of the underlying tissue that supports fat. It is a common procedure performed for people who have undergone major weight loss.